Routes, fortresses and castles

The hotel Centopini is located in a central position with respect to the province of Rimini and is easy to reach in a short drive: castles, museums, parks, natural environments, often unique and just waiting to be visited and appreciated.

The caves of Onferno

The Onferno caves are a karst complex of considerable value whose full scientific exploration, carried out by the speleologist Quarina, dates back to 1916. An underground stream has carved these chalky caves leading to the tunnels, rooms, crevices that develop underground for about 750 meters. To the public are open about 400 metres of track spectacular: large rooms with rare conformations of the mamelons, wide hallways marked by the underground water course and one of the most numerous colonies of bats that you find in Italy. At the exit of the cave 400 meters in an environment between water, rock, small cavities and beautiful vegetation. Great suggestion for a guided tour of about an hour with guide and equipment provided by the Centre Visit. On the promontory overlooking the caves there is the village of Onferno, a real time castelletto recovered today, rural accommodation and catering.

The oriented natural reserve

123 hectares, protected by their undoubted natural value given by the presence of dense vegetation and rich fauna, with the presence of rare wildlife, geology with chalk formations and gullies. An undoubtedly beautiful and varied territory that, with a little attention, allows excursions and nature observation and landscape very favorite also curated signage. The main routes are indicated the path of the Madonna of the Rain, the trail of the Beech and the botanical path. Many other walking tours, horse-riding and mountain biking are possible with a minimum of knowledge of the area. This is a natural history museum exhibition and educational purposes. Discusses the emergencies that characterize the caves and the Reserve from the point of view of vegetation, fauna, geology. It is also a botanical garden. The whole is annexed to the caves visitor Centre, housed in the ancient Pieve di Santa Colomba, and that is obviously the point required for the best excursions in the area and inside the cavity.

The Ventena valley

Between Gemmano and Montefiore Conca extends this small valley that, it seems almost a miracle, has maintained its wild traits that were unimaginable for these hills so close to the coast and major centres. The Ventena stream runs in a wide corridor of spontaneous vegetation (cola the rare alder and numerous orchids) and is surrounded by hills and ravines quite suggestive. It is one of the region's most ancient and striking of the province. A well-structured network of trails that allows for excellent excursions between the two countries, and which touches several rural villages. Many mountain bike enthusiasts who appreciate the whole area.

The most interesting routes:

A thousand opportunities to live

Intended not only as a military stronghold but also as a residential place and representation of the lord in the city, the castle was inhabited from 1446, while the ramparts of the outer walls date back to a period back, following the death of Sigismund. At present, the castle has lost its original form, which is represented by the commemorative medal of Matteo de' pasti and in the fresco by Piero della Francesca in the Malatesta Temple.

The fortress known as "sasso," is the most solid and visible in the area, despite the adaptations and restorations, and together with those of Montebello, San Leo and Santarcangelo, one of the most beautiful and interesting of the entire marecchia valley.

This Fortress dominates the middle valley of the Conca and the twenty, and is part of the most steadfast and consistent of the defensive system of malatesta. Perhaps the most characteristic castles of the malatesta to its round shape and the rialto that has the fortress, from abnormal appearance, almost surreal, to be smooth and faceted, compact and crystalline. It is no wonder that it has remained in the eyes of Giovanni Bellini, that he had to play it in the background of at least two of his paintings.

Historical references to the Fortress (one of the medieval castles of rimini) date back to the end of the IX century and refer to Frederick Barbarossa, to the struggles between Guelphs and Ghibellines, the tragedy of Paolo and Francesca and to the long rule of the Malatesta (1248/1471). Just a Malatesta, Sigismondo Pandolfo (writer, warrior and architect) was responsible for the rebuilding of the castle as a fortress; and the work was completed in 1447, and gave to the physiognomy of today.

It is a castle of feudal origins, the Fortress was built on the ruins of a roman "castrum" in the XI century, is perched on the top of a rugged cliff in a strategic position over the valley of the river Marecchia. A construction of stones so compact, ferrigno still who looks so high in the sky, seems to keep vigil over the borders of three Regions and two States.

In the fortress of Mondaino both walls that the northern port, on a large base shoe, accuse updates attributable to Sigismondo Malatesta, and form a nucleus is very picturesque, also for the insertion between them, of a scenic square, the nineteenth-century, semi-circular portico.

The Fortress of Gradara represents a magnificent example of military architecture of the XII-XIV century. that signoreggiò majestic on a hill a few kilometers from the sea. Started 900 years ago by Degriffo was enlarged and embellished over the centuries by various feudal lords of Gradara: the Malatesta, Sforza, Della Rovere.

The Fort has existed since roman times; today, with the renaissance style due to the sienese architect Francesco di Giorgio Martini, Federico da Montefeltro gave the task to adapt the fortress to the new firearms. Today many visitors are attracted also by the place of imprisonment and death of Cagliostro.

Castle of very ancient origin which, over the centuries, he has lived a difficult fate of contention between the Malatesta and the Montefeltro because of its unique and strategic location. The narrow passage of the gate tower, similar to a drawbridge in a medieval village restored to its former glory and rightly quoted as one of the most beautiful villages in italy.

The independence of the Republic has ancient origins, so much so that San Marino is the oldest republic in the world. The tradition dates its foundation back to 3 September 301 d.C., when the Saint marinus, a dalmatian stonecutter from the island of Rab fled the persecutions against the christians by the roman emperor Diocletian, he established a small christian community on Mount Titano , the highest of the seven hills on which stands the Republic.
The owner of the area, a rich woman of Rimini donated the territory of Mount Titano in the small community, which named in memory of the founder "Land of San Marino". The small capital contains a wealth of historical, architectural, museum of inestimable value.